Biocidal products

Biocidal products may be placed on the market, be used professionally and commercially only if they have been authorised, notified or recognised according to the Ordinance on Biocidal Products (OBP - SR 813.12). The responsibility for placing biocidal products on the market falls to the authorisation holder.

Biocidal products are used to combat harmful organisms by killing or repelling them. Biocidal products are considered to be preparations or active substances in the form in which they are supplied to the user. That means to the person, who uses the product for a biocidal purpose, e.g. disinfection, combating pests or to protect colour using an in-can preservative. A biocidal product acts in a chemical or biological way but not a physical way. Depending on the purpose(s) for which it is to be used, it belongs to at least one of the 22 products types. The active substances used in biocidal products have to be either notified or approved.

Biocidal active substances

In order that active substances may be used as or for biocidal products, they have to be "approved" or at least be notified for approval.

Product types

Biozidprodukte werden in vier Hauptgruppen eingeteilt: Desinfektionsmittel, Schutzmittel,
Schädlingsbekämpfungsmittel und sonstige Biozidprodukte. Die vier Hauptgruppen
umfassen 22 Produktarten (Anhang 10 Biozidprodukteverordnung).

Transitional authorisations (AN/AC)

An application for a transitional authorisation can be made only for biocidal products that contain at least one notified active substance.

Authorisations according the European harmonized system

Biocidal products that contain only approved active substances (active substances that have been incorporated into the lists in Annex 1 or 2 OBP), can be placed on the Swiss market only with an authorisation from the European harmonised procedure.

Questions on delimitation (cosmetics, products for animals)

Certain products are at the interface between two product categories and thus are always classified on a case-by-case basis and have to be reviewed as a whole (check on intended use and composition).

Treated products

This guide (only available in German, French and Italian) is aimed at the cantonal enforcement authorities, businesses and users. It sets out the regulations on products treated with biocidal active substances.

Last modification 23.05.2017

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